by Susan Flantzer
© Unofficial Royalty 2021

The Cathedral of Monaco; Credit – By User:Berthold Wernerld Werner – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15613011

The Romanesque Revival style Cathedral of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, also known as the Cathedral of Monaco, is a Roman Catholic church in Monaco-Ville, Principality of Monaco. Monaco has been ruled by the House of Grimaldi since 1297 when Francesco Grimaldi from the Republic of Genoa, now in Italy, and his men captured the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco while dressed as Franciscan monks. The modern Grimaldis are not descendants of Francesco. His marriage was childless, and after his death in 1309, he was succeeded by his cousin and stepson Rainier I of Monaco, Lord of Cagnes. The ruler of Monaco was known as Lord of Monaco until 1612 when the Council of Monaco recognized Honoré II as Sovereign Prince of Monaco.

The first parish church in Monaco was dedicated to St. Nicholas of Myra, the patron saint of sailors. Over the years, the Lords and Sovereign Princes of Monaco along with the people of Monaco generously gave funds to decorate and enlarge the Church of Saint Nicholas.

Interior of the Cathedral of Monaco; Credit – By Leandro Neumann Ciuffo – Catedral de Monte-Carlo – 2, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28378642

Prince Charles III (reigned 1856-1889) decided to build a new and larger church on the original site of the Church of Saint Nicholas. The original church was destroyed in 1874 and the first stone of the new church was laid in 1875. The new Cathedral of Monaco was dedicated to Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception with Saint Nicholas of Myra and Saint Benoît (Saint Benedict of Nursia) as secondary patron saints. Sometimes the cathedral is called St. Nicholas Cathedral after the original church. Although the new building was only two-thirds completed, the first services were held in 1886. The cathedral was inaugurated in 1903 and consecrated in 1911.

Altar of the Cathedral of Monaco; Credit – By Leandro Neumann Ciuffo – Catedral de Monte-Carlo – 3, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28378641

Royal Christenings

The christening of Princess Stéphanie of Monaco

This may not be a complete list.

Royal Weddings

The wedding of Rainier III, Prince of Monaco and Grace Kelly

This may not be a complete list.

Royal Funerals

The funeral of Rainier III, Prince of Monaco

This may not be a complete list.

Royal Burials

Grave of Rainier III, Prince of Monaco; Credit – www.findagrave.com

The current cathedral was built over the areas of the previous church and the old cemetery so that the sovereign princes and consorts originally buried at the Church of Saint Nicholas are now buried in the Cathedral of Monaco. All of Monaco’s sovereign princes except Jacques I and Honoré III and many of the consorts are buried at the Cathedral of Monaco.

Entrance to the common vault where the Grimaldi family members originally buried at the Church of St. Nicholas are buried; Credit – www.findagrave.com

Unofficial Royalty: Monaco Royal Burial Sites

This article is the intellectual property of Unofficial Royalty and is NOT TO BE COPIED, EDITED, OR POSTED IN ANY FORM ON ANOTHER WEBSITE under any circumstances. It is permissible to use a link that directs to Unofficial Royalty.

Works Cited

  • An Ard Rí and Flantzer, Susan. Unofficial Royalty. 2012. Monaco Royal Burial Sites. [online] Available at: <http://www.unofficialroyalty.com/royal-burial-sites/monaco-burial-sites/> [Accessed 13 September 2021].
  • En.wikipedia.org. 2021. Cathedral of Our Lady Immaculate – Wikipedia. [online] Available at: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathedral_of_Our_Lady_Immaculate> [Accessed 13 September 2021].
  • Flantzer, Susan. 2019. Monaco Royal Christenings. [online] Unofficial Royalty. Available at: <http://www.unofficialroyalty.com/monaco-royal-christenings/> [Accessed 13 September 2021].
  • Fr.wikipedia.org. 2021. Cathédrale Notre-Dame-Immaculée de Monaco — Wikipédia. [online] Available at: <https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cath%C3%A9drale_Notre-Dame-Immacul%C3%A9e_de_Monaco> [Accessed 13 September 2021].

© Unofficial Royalty 2021

King Edward VII of the United Kingdom; Credit – Wikipedia

November 9, 1384 – Birth of Isabella of Valois, Queen of England, second wife of King Richard II of England, at Hotel du Louvre in Paris, France
Isabella was the daughter of King Charles VI of France and the elder sister of Catherine of Valois who married King Henry V of England. Soon after the death of his first wife Anne of Bohemia, the childless King Richard II of England began a search for a new wife. He turned to France seeking an alliance, and after negotiations, a marriage was arranged between Isabella and Richard who was 22 years older than his bride. Isabella lived apart from Richard at Windsor Castle. Richard visited her frequently and a strong affection developed between the partners of this unconsummated marriage. In 1399, Richard II was forced to abdicate in favor of his cousin who became King Henry IV. He was imprisoned at Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire where he died on or around February 14, 1400. The exact cause of his death, thought to have been starvation, is unknown. Eventually, Isabella returned to France and married her cousin Charles, Duke of Orléans. She died at the age of 19, a few hours after giving birth to her only child.
Unofficial Royalty: Isabella of Valois, Queen of England

November 9, 1620 – Death of Louise de Coligny, Princess of Orange, fourth wife of Willem I, Prince of Orange (the Silent) at the Château de Fontainebleau in Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, France; buried with her husband in the Old Crypt of the Nieuwe Kerk in Delft, the Netherlands
Louise’s father Gaspard II de Coligny was a French nobleman and admiral but is best remembered as a leader of the Huguenots (French Calvinist Protestants). Both Louise’s father and her first husband Charles de Teligny were killed during the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in 1572 when thousands of French Huguenots were murdered. In 1583, Louise became the fourth wife Willem I, Prince of Orange.  Willem and Louise had one son Frederik Hendrik, Prince of Orange whose son Willem II, Prince of Orange was the father of Willem III, Prince of Orange who was later King William III of England. On July 10, 1584, a little more than six months after the birth of her son, Louise was widowed for the second time when Willem I, Prince of Orange was assassinated. Louise then raised both her son and Willem’s six daughters from his third marriage to Charlotte de Bourbon-Monpensier. She remained an advocate of Protestantism all her life. Louise lived in Delft, the Netherlands until one year before her death when she went to the court of Marie de’ Medici, Queen Dowager of France, at the Château de Fontainebleau in France, where she died, aged 65.
Unofficial Royalty: Louise de Coligny, Princess of Orange

November 9, 1841 – Birth of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom at Buckingham Palace in London, England
Full name: Albert Edward
In 1863, Bertie, as he was called in the family, married Princess Alexandra of Denmark (Alix) and the couple had six children. Bertie had quite a number of mistresses but apparently, Alix knew about many of them and accepted them. After waiting 59 years, Bertie became king upon the death of his mother Queen Victoria on January 22, 1901. Bertie and Alix had begun the idea of the royal family’s public appearances as we now know them during Queen Victoria’s withdrawal after her husband’s death, and they continued this during Bertie’s reign. Bertie had royal palaces repaired and reintroduced traditional ceremonies, such as the State Opening of Parliament, that Queen Victoria had ceased to participate in. Bertie was known as “the Uncle of Europe” because he was related to many other royals.
Unofficial Royalty: King Edward VII of the United Kingdom

November 9, 1866 – Wedding of Alexander III, Emperor of All Russia and Princess Dagmar of Denmark, daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark, at the Imperial Chapel of the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, Russia
Dagmar, known as Minnie in the family, was the sister of King Frederik VIII of Denmark, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, and King George I of Greece. In 1864, Minnie became engaged to Tsarevich Nicholas Alexandrovich of Russia, the eldest son and heir of Alexander II, Emperor of All Russia. However, Nicholas died from meningitis in 1865, at the age of 21. Minnie married Nicholas’ brother, the new heir to the throne, the future Alexander III, Emperor of All Russia. The couple had six children, including Nicholas II, Emperor of All Russia.
Unofficial Royalty: Alexander III, Emperor of All Russia
Unofficial Royalty: Dagmar of Denmark, Empress Maria Feodorovna

November 9, 1907 – Birth of Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, son of Crown Prince Wilhelm of Prussia, at the Marble Palace in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia, now in the German state of Brandenburg
Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, a grandson of Wilhelm II, King of Prussia and German Emperor, was the pretender to the Prussian throne and Head of the House of Hohenzollern from 1951 until his death in 1994.
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia

November 9, 1953 – Death of Abdulaziz (Ibn Saud), first King of Saudi Arabia, at Ta’if, Saudi Arabia; buried at Al Od Cemetery in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Abdulaziz was an Arab tribal leader who founded the Kingdom of  Saudi Arabia. He was King of Saudi Arabia from 1932 until his death in 1953. He had ruled parts of the kingdom since 1902, having previously been Emir, Sultan, and King of Nejd, and King of Hejaz. Abdulaziz had a polygamous household comprising of several wives at a time and numerous concubines. It is thought he had a total of 22-24 wives. He was the father of almost a hundred children, including 45 sons of whom 36 survived to adulthood. The six Kings of Saudi Arabia who followed King Abdulaziz were all his sons including Salman, the current King of Saudi Arabia. At the age of 78, Abdulaziz died in his sleep from a heart attack with his son Prince Faisal, a future King of Saudi Arabia, at his bedside.
Unofficial Royalty: King Abdulaziz (Ibn Saud) of Saudi Arabia

This article is the intellectual property of Unofficial Royalty and is not to be copied under any circumstances. It is permissible to use a link that directs to Unofficial Royalty.

Royal News Recaps are published Mondays-Fridays and on Sundays, except for Thanksgiving in the United States, Christmas Eve and New Year’s Eve. The Royal News Recap for Sundays will be a weekend recap. If there is any breaking or major news, we will add an update as necessary.

Due to the coronavirus pandemic, many royal families have curtailed and/or canceled events, both in their own countries and in foreign countries. Therefore, we expect a continued decrease in the usual number of royal news articles.

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Denmark

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Jordan

Monaco

Multiple Monarchies

United Kingdom

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Disclaimer:Please be advised that any media article titles or content that appear in the Royal News which identify members of royal families with their maiden names, nicknames, incorrect style or title, etc., come directly from the media source and not from Unofficial Royalty. We encourage you to contact the media sources to express your concern about their use of the incorrect name, style, title, etc. Contact information can usually be found at the bottom of each media source’s main page.

© Unofficial Royalty 2021

Elizabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia; Credit – Wikipedia

November 8, 1622 – Birth of King Karl X Gustav of Sweden at Nyköping Castle, Sweden
Karl Gustav was the eldest of the three sons of Johann Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Princess Katarina of Sweden. In 1654, he became King of Sweden upon the abdication of his cousin Christina, Queen of Sweden. Four months after becoming king, Karl Gustav married Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp. They had only one child, the future Karl XI, King of Sweden, who succeeded his father. Karl Gustav’s short reign concentrated on the healing of domestic discords from the reign of Queen Christina and the rallying of Sweden around his new policy of conquest. He achieved great military successes in the Second Northern War against Denmark-Norway and Poland-Lithuania.
Unofficial Royalty: King Karl X of Sweden

November 8, 1715 – Birth of Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia, wife of King Friedrich II of Prussia (the Great), at Schloss Bevern in Wolfenbüttel, Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, now in Lower Saxony, Germany
In 1733, Elisabeth Christine married Crown Prince Friedrich of Prussia. The marriage had been arranged between the groom’s father, King Friedrich Wilhelm I in Prussia, and the bride’s uncle, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. They had no children and basically lived separate lives until their deaths. In 1740, Elisabeth’s father-in-law died and her husband succeeded him. Despite their separation, the new King understood the importance of court life and ensured that Elisabeth Christine had a very prominent and official role. While Friedrich II rarely attended any court functions, Elisabeth Christine was always there, even often representing him at his own birthday celebrations. Beloved by the people of Prussia, Elisabeth Christine became a symbol of strength during the Seven Years’ War. Further endearing herself to the Prussian people was her charity work. She donated the majority of her allowance to charitable causes each year.
Unofficial Royalty: Elizabeth Christine of Brunswick-Bevern, Queen of Prussia

November 8, 1746 – Birth of Elisabeth Christine Ulrike of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Crown Princess of Prussia, in Wolfenbüttel, Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, now in Lower Saxony, Germany, first wife of the future King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia
In 1765, Elisabeth Christine married her first cousin, Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (the future King Friedrich Wilhelm II), in a marriage arranged by their mutual uncle, King Friedrich II (the Great) of Prussia. The couple had one daughter Frederica Charlotte who married Prince Frederick, Duke of York, the second son of King George III of the United Kingdom. Elisabeth Christine’s marriage was never a happy one, as Friedrich Wilhelm had constant affairs and completely ignored and neglected his wife. Elisabeth Christine soon began her own affair and found herself pregnant. Her lover, a musician, was arrested and reportedly beheaded, and Elisabeth Christine took some drugs to end her pregnancy. Her marriage ended in divorce and she spent the rest of her life under house arrest. She never saw her daughter Frederica again. Elisabeth Christine died on February 18, 1840, at the age of 93, after spending 71 years under house arrest.
Unofficial Royalty: Elisabeth Christine Ulrike of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Crown Princess of Prussia

November 8, 1768 – Birth of Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom, at Buckingham Palace in London, England
Princess Augusta was the second of the six daughters and the sixth of the fifteen children in her family. Augusta’s childhood was very sheltered and she spent most of her time with her parents and sisters.  The living conditions of King George’s daughters came to be known as “the Nunnery.” None of the daughters was allowed to marry at the age when most princesses would marry. Three of Augusta’s six sisters did eventually marry, all of them later than was the norm for the time. Starved for male companionship, Sophia got pregnant by her father’s 56-year-old equerry and secretly gave birth to a boy who was placed in a foster home.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom

November 8, 1777 – Birth of Anna Petrovna Lopukhina, mistress of Paul I, Emperor of All Russia
In 1798, Paul I, Emperor of All Russia visited Moscow. At a court ball, he noticed 21-year-old Anna Petrovna Lopukhina and became infatuated. In the fall of 1798, the Lopukhin family moved to St. Petersburg where they lived at 10 Palace Embankment, a street along the Neva River where the Winter Palace was located. Anna’s stepmother was made a lady-in-waiting at court and Anna was made a maid-of-honor. She quickly replaced Ekaterina Ivanovna Nelidova as Paul’s official mistress. In 1799, Anna asked Paul’s permission to marry a childhood friend, Prince Pavel Gavrilovich Gagarin. Upon her marriage, Anna was appointed a lady-in-waiting. Paul’s feelings for Anna did not change after her marriage and she continued to be his official mistress until his assassination in 1801.
Unofficial Royalty: Anna Petrovna Lopukhina, mistress of Paul I, Emperor of All Russia

November 8, 1777 – Birth of Désirée Clary, Queen Desideria of Sweden and Norway, wife of King Carl XIV Johan of Sweden and Norway (born Jean Baptiste Bernadotte), in Marseilles, France
Full name: Bernardine Eugénie Désirée Clary
Désirée was the youngest of the nine children of François Clary, a wealthy French merchant. Through Désirée and her sister Julie, their parents are the ancestors of the royal families of Belgium, Denmark, Luxembourg, Norway, and Sweden. Désirée became engaged to Napoleon Bonaparte in April 1795, but Napoleon soon became involved with Joséphine de Beauharnais and the engagement ended in September 1795. In 1798, she married Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, a noted French general and future King of Sweden and Norway. They had one son, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte, later King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway. In August 1810, Désirée’s husband was elected Crown Prince of Sweden and Norway to succeed the childless King Carl XIII of Sweden and Norway. Not wanting to leave Paris, Désirée did not initially accompany her husband to Sweden. When she eventually did go to Sweden, she did not like it at all and returned to Paris. In 1818, King Carl XIII of Sweden died, and Désirée’s husband ascended the thrones of Sweden and Norway as King Carl XIV Johan. However, Désirée, now known as Queen Desideria, would not return to Sweden until 1823. Although she planned to make just a temporary visit, Désirée would instead remain in Sweden for the rest of her life.
Unofficial Royalty: Désirée Clary, Queen Desideria of Sweden

November 8, 1830 – Death of Francesco I, King of the Two Sicilies in the Kingdom of Naples, now in Italy; buried at the Basilica of Santa Chiara in Naples
Francesco first married his double first cousin Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria.  They had two children before Maria Clementina died from tuberculosis in 1801. In 1802, Francesco married another first cousin Maria Isabella of Spain. They had twelve children over twenty-three years. Unusual for the time, all twelve survived childhood. In 1825, upon the death of his father, Francesco became King of the Two Sicilies. His reign was only five years long as he died in 1830 at the age of 59.
Unofficial Royalty: Francesco I, King of the Two Sicilies

November 8, 1859 – Death of Heinrich XX, 4th Prince Reuss of Greiz in Greiz, Principality of Reuss-Greiz, now in Thuringia, Germany; buried at the Stadtkirche St. Marien, now in Greiz, Thuringia, Germany
In 1834, Heinrich XX married Princess Sophie of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg but their childless marriage lasted until Sophie’s death four years later. In 1836, Heinrich XX’s elder brother Heinrich XIX, 3rd Prince Reuss of Greiz died. Because his brother had no son to succeed him, Heinrich XX became the 4th Prince Reuss of Greiz. In 1839, Heinrich XX married Caroline Amalie of Hesse-Homburg and the couple had five children. Heinrich XX died at the age of 65, and his thirteen-year-old son Heinrich XXII succeeded him as the 5th Prince Reuss of Greiz. Heinrich XX’s widow Caroline Amalie was Regent during the minority of their son.
Unofficial Royalty: Heinrich XX, 4th Prince Reuss of Greiz

November 8, 1876 – Death of Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen of Spain, wife of King Amadeo I of Spain, at the Villa Dufour in San Remo, Italy; buried at the Basilica of Superga, Turin, Italy
Maria Vittoria was from an Italian noble family and inherited her father’s noble titles becoming Princess della Cisterna, Princess di Belriguardo, Marchioness di Voghera, and Countess di Ponderano in her own right. She married Prince Amedeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta, the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy. Amedeo and Maria Vittoria had three sons. Their descendants through their eldest son have been the disputed claimants to the headship of the House of Savoy along with descendants of Amedeo’s brother King Umberto I of Italy. After Queen Isabella II of Spain was deposed in 1870, Amedeo was elected King of Spain and Maria Vittoria was Queen Consort. Without popular support, Amedeo abdicated the Spanish throne in 1873 and left Spain. Maria Vittoria had given birth to her last child only two weeks before the abdication. The recent childbirth, the stress of the abdication, and the exile from Spain exacerbated her poor physical condition and 29-year-old Maria Vittoria died from tuberculosis.
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen of Spain

November 8, 1877 – Death of Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony, wife of King Johann of Saxony, in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, now in Saxony, Germany; buried in the Wettin Crypt at the Dresden Cathedral
In 1822, Amalie Auguste married the future King Johann of Saxony. Their marriage was a happy one, and the couple had nine children including two Kings of Saxony. Amalie Auguste’s husband became the heir presumptive to the Saxony throne in 1836, when King Anton died and was succeeded by Johann’s elder brother, King Friedrich August II. Amalie Auguste and her husband were close with the King and his wife (who was Amalie Auguste’s younger sister), and the two women worked together to support numerous charities and institutions. Amalie Auguste’s husband became King of Saxony upon his brother’s death in 1854 and reigned until his death in 1873. Amalie Auguste survived her husband by four years, dying at the age of 76.
Unofficial Royalty: Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony

November 8, 1906 – Birth of Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse, son of Ernst Ludwig, the last Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine and his second wife Eleonore of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich, in Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine, now in Hesse, Germany
Full name: Georg Donatus Wilhelm Nikolaus Eduard Heinrich Karl
George Donatus was a great-grandson of Queen Victoria. In 1931, he married Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark. She was the daughter of Prince Andreas of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg, and a sister of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Through her mother, Cecilie and Georg Donatus were first cousins once removed. The couple had two sons and one daughter. Georg Donatus became head of the family upon his father’s death on October 9, 1937. However, as the throne no longer existed, he did not assume the title of Grand Duke. Despite the formal mourning, it was decided that Georg Donatus’  brother Ludwig would marry The Honorable Margaret Geddes in England as scheduled for the following month. On November 16, 1937, Georg Donatus, his wife Cecilie, their two sons Ludwig and Alexander, and his mother Grand Duchess Eleonore, boarded a flight for London to attend the wedding. Tragically, the plane crashed in Belgium, and all aboard were killed.
Unofficial Royalty: Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse
Unofficial Royalty: November 16, 1937 – Deaths of the Grand Ducal Family of Hesse and by Rhine

November 8, 1933 – Assassination of King Nadir Shah of Afghanistan at the Royal Palace in Kabul, Afghanistan; buried in the King Nadir Shah Mausoleum in Kabul
Mohammad Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan was shot and killed by an assassin while taking part in a high school awards ceremony at the Royal Palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.
Unofficial Royalty: Assassination of Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan

November 8, 2003 – Birth of Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor, daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, at Frimley Park Hospital in Surrey, England
Full name: Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary
Lady Louise was born prematurely and delivered by emergency cesarean section after The Countess of Wessex suffered placental abruption which caused significant blood loss to the Countess and fetal distress to Louise. Mother and daughter spent two weeks in the hospital. The titles and styles of Louise and her brother James are often disputed. Under the terms of King George V’s Letters Patent of 1917, as grandchildren of the sovereign in the male line, they are Prince and Princess of the United Kingdom, with the style of Royal Highness. However, at the time of Edward and Sophie’s marriage, a press release was issued from Buckingham Palace. Along with announcing Prince Edward’s new title as Earl of Wessex, it stated that The Queen, with the agreement of Edward and Sophie, had decided that any children born to them should not be given the style of Royal Highness, but instead be given courtesy titles as children of an Earl.
Unofficial Royalty: Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor

This article is the intellectual property of Unofficial Royalty and is NOT TO BE COPIED, EDITED, OR POSTED IN ANY FORM ON ANOTHER WEBSITE under any circumstances. It is permissible to use a link that directs to Unofficial Royalty.

Royal News Recaps are published Mondays – Fridays and on Sundays except for Thanksgiving in the United States, Christmas Eve, and New Year’s Eve. The Royal News Recap for Sundays will be a weekend recap. If there is any breaking or major news, we will publish a breaking news article and/or a recap as necessary.

Due to the coronavirus pandemic, many royal families have curtailed and/or canceled events, both in their own countries and in foreign countries. Therefore, we expect a continued decrease in the usual number of royal news articles.

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Disclaimer: Please be advised that any media article titles or content that appear in the Royal News which identify members of royal families with their maiden names, nicknames, incorrect style or title, etc., come directly from the media source and not from Unofficial Royalty. We encourage you to contact the media sources to express your concern about their use of the incorrect name, style, title, etc. Contact information can usually be found at the bottom of each media source’s main page.

© Unofficial Royalty 2021

Embed from Getty Images

18th birthday of Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor, daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex; born at Frimley Park Hospital in Surrey, England on November 8, 2003
Full name: Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary
Unofficial Royalty: Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor

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66th birthday of former King Jigme Singye Wangchuk of Bhutan; born at Dechenchholing Palace in Thimphu, Bhutan on November 11, 1955
King Jigme Singye Wangchuk abdicated in 2008 in favor of his son Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck.
Unofficial Royalty: King Jigme Singye Wangchuk of Bhutan

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Photo Credit – Wikipedia

40th birthday of Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume of Luxembourg, son of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg; born at the Grand Duchess Charlotte Maternity Hospital in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg on November 11, 1981
Unofficial Royalty: Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg

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© Unofficial Royalty 2021

Ingrid of Sweden, Queen of Denmark; Credit – Wikipedia

November 7, 1827 – Death of Maria Theresia of Austria, Queen of Saxony, wife of King Anton of Saxony, in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony, now in Saxony, Germany; buried at the Dresden Cathedral in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, now in Saxony, Germany
Maria Theresia was the eldest child of Pietro Leopoldo I, Grand Duke of Tuscany (later Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor) and Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain. In 1787, she married the future King Anton of Saxony. The couple had four children, none of whom lived past infancy. In 1827, Maria Theresia and her husband became King and Queen of Saxony. Sadly, her tenure as Queen was short-lived. Just six months after her husband’s accession, Queen Maria Theresia died at the age of 60.
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Theresia of Austria, Queen of Saxony

November 7, 1898 – Death of Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, second wife of Leopoldo II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, at Schloss Ort in Gmunden, Austria; buried at the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, Austria
Maria Antonia was the daughter of Francesco I, King of the Two Sicilies and his second wife Maria Isabella of Spain. In 1833, she became the second wife of her first cousin Leopoldo II, Grand Duke of Saxony. They had ten children including Leopoldo’s heir, the last Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinand IV. In 1859, the Grand Ducal family was forced to flee Tuscany permanently because of the wars caused by the Italian unification movement, and the family took refuge in Austria. Leopoldo II abdicated in favor of his son Ferdinand IV who was Grand Duke of Tuscany in name but never really reigned. The family settled in the Kingdom of Bohemia, then part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire ruled by Leopoldo’s Austrian Habsburg relatives.  After her husband’s death in 1879, Maria Antonia mostly lived at Schloss Ort in Gmunden, a town on the Traunsee, a lake in Austria. She survived her husband by twenty-eight years, dying at the age of 83.
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies, Grand Duchess of Tuscany

November 7, 2000 – Death of Ingrid of Sweden, Queen of Denmark, wife of King Frederik IX of Denmark, at Fredensborg Castle in Fredensborg, Denmark; buried at Roskilde Cathedral in Roskilde, Denmark
A great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, Ingrid was the only daughter of the future King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden and his first wife Princess Margaret of Connaught. In 1935, she married the future King Frederik IX of Denmark. The couple had three daughters including the current monarch of Denmark, Queen Margrethe II. As Queen, Ingrid reformed some of the outdated practices at court and created a more relaxed atmosphere. She was interested in gardening and art, and after doing her own research on the original appearance of Gråsten Palace, she oversaw the renovations there. Queen Ingrid died at the age of 90, surrounded by her three daughters and her ten grandchildren.
Unofficial Royalty: Ingrid of Sweden, Queen of Denmark

This article is the intellectual property of Unofficial Royalty and is NOT TO BE COPIED, EDITED, OR POSTED IN ANY FORM ON ANOTHER WEBSITE under any circumstances. It is permissible to use a link that directs to Unofficial Royalty.

by Susan Flantzer
© Unofficial Royalty 2021

Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden; Credit – Wikipedia

Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden in her own right, succeeded her unmarried brother Karl XII, King of Sweden in 1718 and reigned for two years before abdicating in favor of her husband who reigned as Fredrik I, King of Sweden. Born on January 23, 1688, at Tre Kronor Castle, on the site of the current Royal Palace in Stockholm, Sweden, she was the youngest of the seven children and the youngest of the two daughters of Karl XI, King of Sweden and Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark. Her paternal grandparents were Karl X Gustav, King of Sweden and Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp. Frederik III, King of Denmark and Norway and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg were her maternal grandparents.

Left to Right: Karl, Ulrika Eleonora and Hedwig Sophia; Credit – Wikipedia

Ulrika Eleonora had six siblings but only her eldest brother and her only sister survived childhood:

When Ulrika Eleonora was five years old, her mother died. Four years later, her father died and her fifteen-year-old brother succeeded to the throne as Karl XII, King of Sweden. Ulrika Eleonora and her two surviving siblings Hedwig Sophia and Karl were placed in the care of their paternal grandmother Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp. She was quite formidable, was the Dowager Queen of Sweden for 55 years, and would remain visible in Swedish politics and society until she died in 1715.

Ulrika Eleonora’s brother Karl XII, King of Sweden in his coronation robes; Credit – Wikipedia

Being seven years younger than her sister and six years younger than her brother, Ulrika Eleonora was overshadowed by her elder siblings. As the years went by and her brother Karl XII remained unmarried, Ulrika Eleonora was regarded as a possible future heir to the Swedish throne, and her value in the royal marriage market increased. Suitors for her hand in marriage included Prince Carl of Denmark, son of King Christian V of Denmark, the future King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia, and the future King George II of Great Britain but no marriage materialized.

In 1708, Ulrika Eleonora’s sister Hedwig Sophia died from smallpox, leaving her only child eight-year-old Sushi Girl | NON-USA Format | PAL | Region 4 Import - Australia as a possible heir to the Swedish throne. At the age of two, Karl Friedrich had become Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp upon the death of his father in battle. Ulrika Eleonora’s brother Karl II, King of Sweden suffered a horrendous defeat in 1709 at the Battle of Poltava during the Great Northern War. The Swedish defeat at the Battle of Poltava marked the downfall of the Swedish Empire and the rise of the Russian Empire. After losing the battle, Karl XII fled south to the Ottoman Empire where he remained for five years.

Ulrika Eleonora with her husband; Credit – Wikipedia

As early as 1710, Prince Friedrich of Hesse-Kassel, the eldest surviving son and heir of Karl I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, requested Ulrika Eleonora’s hand in marriage but their betrothal was not announced until January 23, 1714. The marriage was supported by her grandmother Hedwig Eleonora, who expected Ulrika Eleonora to move with her husband to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel, thereby increasing the possibility that the young son of the deceased Hedwig Sophia, Karl Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, would become the heir to the Swedish throne. Ulrika Eleonora and Friedrich of Hesse-Kassel were married on March 24, 1715. Friedrich took the Swedish version of his name, Fredrik, and was granted the title Prince of Sweden and the style of His Royal Highness. Instead of moving to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel, the couple remained in Sweden, Their marriage was childless.

In 1718, Karl XII, King of Sweden once again invaded Norway by laying siege to Fredriksten Fortress. On December 11, 1718, while in the trenches close to the perimeter of Fredriksten Fortress, 36-year-old Karl was hit in the head by a projectile that entered the left side of his skull and exited on the right side of his skull, instantly killing him. The invasion was abandoned and Karl’s body was returned to Sweden where he was buried at Riddarholmen Church in Stockholm.

Ulrika Eleonora’s coronation in Uppsala Cathedral by Johan Henrik Schildt; Credit – Wikipedia

After Karl XII’s death, his only surviving sibling Ulrika Eleonora claimed the Swedish throne even though her nephew Karl Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp had the better claim by primogeniture. Ulrika Eleonora asserted that she was the closest surviving relative of her brother and was elected Queen of Sweden by the Riksdag, the Swedish legislature. She was crowned at Uppsala Cathedral on March 17, 1719, and made her formal entrance into Stockholm on April 11, 1719.

Fredrik I, King of Sweden in his coronation robes; Credit – Wikipedia

Ulrika Eleonora wanted to reign jointly with her husband Prince Fredrik as William III and Mary II had done in England but the Swedish nobility rejected the notion. Frederik increased his influence on his wife and in state affairs and then reached out to the most powerful men in Sweden who soon considered a change. Ulrika Eleonora wrote a letter to the Riksdag on February 29, 1720, informing its members of her desire to abdicate in favor of her husband on the condition that she should succeed him if he should die before her. The Riksdag confirmed the succession of Ulrika Eleonora’s husband and the condition of her abdication which granted her place as the heir to the Swedish throne until her death. On March 24, 1720, Prince Fredrik acceded to the Swedish throne as Fredrik I, King of Sweden and Ulrika Eleonora became Queen Consort.

Although Ulrika Eleonora had an interest in affairs of state, she withdrew from all visible participation in them, occupying herself with reading, charity, and her many friends. In 1730, Frederik’s father died and he became Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel but immediately appointed his younger brother Wilhelm Regent of Hesse-Kassel. Ulrika Eleonora acted as Regent of Sweden on two occasions: during Fredrik’s trip to Hesse-Kassel from July – November 1731 and during his illness from July – September 1738. In 1734, Swedish noblewoman Hedwig Taube became Fredrik’s official mistress. She was given the title Countess of Hessenstein and bore Fredrik four children. Ulrika Eleonora expressed her disapproval to her close confidant Emerentia von Düben who convinced her never to display any public reaction to the affair because it would be beneath the queen’s dignity.

Sarcophagus of Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden and her husband Fredrik I, King of Sweden; Photo © Susan Flantzer

On November 24, 1741, at Wrangel Palace in Riddarholmen, Stockholm, Sweden, Ulrika Eleonora died from smallpox at the age of 53. She was buried at Riddarholmen Church in Stockholm, Sweden. Her husband Fredrik I, King of Sweden survived her by ten years, dying on March 25, 1751, aged 74, at Wrangel Palace in Riddarholment, Stockholm, Sweden. He was buried with his wife at Riddarholmen Church.

This article is the intellectual property of Unofficial Royalty and is NOT TO BE COPIED, EDITED, OR POSTED IN ANY FORM ON ANOTHER WEBSITE under any circumstances. It is permissible to use a link that directs to Unofficial Royalty.

Works Cited

  • De.wikipedia.org. 2021. Ulrika Eleonore (Schweden) – Wikipedia. [online] Available at: <https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulrika_Eleonore_(Schweden)> [Accessed 12 September 2021].
  • En.wikipedia.org. 2021. Frederick I of Sweden – Wikipedia. [online] Available at: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_I_of_Sweden> [Accessed 12 September 2021].
  • En.wikipedia.org. 2021. Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden – Wikipedia. [online] Available at: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulrika_Eleonora,_Queen_of_Sweden> [Accessed 12 September 2021].
  • Flantzer, Susan, 2021. Karl XII, King of Sweden. [online] Unofficial Royalty. Available at: <http://www.unofficialroyalty.com/karl-xii-king-of-sweden/> [Accessed 12 September 2021].
  • Sv.wikipedia.org. 2021. Ulrika Eleonora – Wikipedia. [online] Available at: <https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulrika_Eleonora> [Accessed 12 September 2021].
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Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales; Credit – Wikipedia

November 6, 1429 – Coronation of King Henry VI of England at Westminster Abbey in London, England
Henry became king when he was 8 months old.  He was crowned one month before his eighth birthday.  Henry’s wife Margaret of Anjou was crowned on May 30, 1445.
Unofficial Royalty: King Henry VI of England

November 6, 1479 – Birth of Queen Juana I of Castile in Toledo, the capital of the Kingdom of Castile, now in Spain
Wikipedia: Joanna, Queen of Castile

November 6, 1550 – Birth of Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden, wife of King Eric XIV of Sweden, in Stockholm, Sweden
Karin Månsdotter was one of several mistresses of Erik XIV, King of Sweden, and then briefly his Queen Consort. Erik first met Karin at an inn where she was a serving girl. Erik brought Karin into the palace where worked as a chambermaid for Erik IV’s half-sister. Erik suffered from occasional bouts of mental illness and those closest to him noted that Karin had a calming effect on him. Erik and Karin had four children. The first two were born before the second official marriage in 1568 but were later legitimized. The last two died in early childhood. In 1567, Erik and Karin were married morganatically in a secret ceremony. In 1568, Karin was ennobled and a second official wedding was held in Storkyrkan (Great Church) in Stockholm, Sweden, followed the next day by Karin’s coronation as Queen of Sweden. Due to Erik’s behavior and his marriage to Karin, his younger half-brothers led a revolt against him that ended in his removal as King of Sweden in 1568. Erik was imprisoned as was Karin for a while. After Erik’s death, probably a murder from arsenic poisoning, Karin was granted an estate in Kangasala, Finland by Erik’s half-brother King Johan III  where she lived comfortably for the rest of her life.
Unofficial Royalty: Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden

November 6, 1612 – Death of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales at St. James’ Palace in London, England, son of King James I of England; buried at Westminster Abbey in London, England
The heir to the thrones of England and Scotland, by the time he was 18 years old, Henry was physically mature, well educated, an independent thinker, and ready to assume some government responsibility. He was on his way to make an excellent and popular king. Henry died of typhoid fever at age 18.  His brother Charles (later King Charles I) became heir to the throne.  Henry’s death was considered a national tragedy. In October 1612, Henry developed several symptoms including a fast pulse, a fever, a red face, a swollen stomach, gastrointestinal symptoms, and a severe thirst. Later he developed delirium and violent convulsive movements. His doctors suspected poisoning but with modern medical knowledge, it is now suspected that Henry died from typhoid fever. Henry’s death caused immense grief across England and Scotland and in his family. King James I was too distraught to attend the funeral. Months later, in the middle of a meeting, he broke down, crying, “Henry is dead, Henry is dead.” His mother Queen Anne could not bear to have Henry’s death mentioned and people were advised not to give her condolences.  Henry’s brother, the future King Charles I, who was now the heir to the throne, felt the loss deeply and insisted until the end of his life that Henry had been poisoned. We can only wonder how different English history might have been if Henry Frederick had been King instead of his brother King Charles I.
Unofficial Royalty: Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales

November 6, 1650 – Death of Willem II, Prince of Orange from smallpox at The Hague, Dutch Republic, now in the Netherlands; buried in the Royal Vault of the Nieuwe Kerk in Delft, the Netherlands
In 1641, at the Chapel Royal of the Palace of Whitehall in London, England, 15-year-old Willem married nine-year-old Mary, Princess Royal, the daughter of King Charles I of England. Because of Mary’s young age, the marriage was not consummated for several years. In 1650, Mary was pregnant with her first child when her husband Willem II fell ill with smallpox. He died on November 6, 1650, at the age of 24. Eight days later, Mary gave birth to her only child Willem III, Prince of Orange who went on to marry his first cousin Mary, the eldest surviving child of the future King James II of England. Following the Glorious Revolution of 1688 in which James II was deposed, they jointly reigned as King William III and Queen Mary II. At later dates, King William III’s mother Mary, Princess Royal, and his wife Queen Mary II of England also died from smallpox.
Unofficial Royalty: Willem II, Prince of Orange

November 6, 1656 – Death of King João IV of Portugal at Ribeira Palace in Lisbon, Portugal; buried at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, Portugal
Wikipedia: King João IV of Portugal

November 6, 1661 – Birth of King Carlos II of Spain at Royal Alcazar in Madrid, Spain
Wikipedia: King Carlos II of Spain

November 6, 1754 – Birth of King Friedrich I of Württemberg at Treptow Palace in Treptow an der Rega, Pomerania, now Trzebiatów, Poland
Full name: Friedrich Wilhelm Karl
Friedrich first had a very unsuccessful marriage to Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. She was the daughter of Carl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and Princess Augusta of Great Britain (sister of King George III of the United Kingdom). Her younger sister Caroline later married the future King George IV of the United Kingdom and also had a very unsuccessful marriage. Friedrich and Augusta had four children. In 1797, Friedrich married again to Charlotte, Princess Royal, the eldest daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom. They had one stillborn daughter born in 1798. Upon his father’s death in December 1797, Friedrich became Duke of Württemberg.  When the Holy Roman Empire was reorganized following France’s annexation of the west bank of the Rhine, Württemberg was raised to an Electorate and Friedrich became Elector in 1803.  In exchange for providing France with a large armed force, Napoleon allowed Friedrich to raise Württemberg to a kingdom in 1805.
Unofficial Royalty: King Friedrich I of Württemberg

November 6, 1796 – Birth of Leopold II, Prince of Lippe in Detmold, Principality of Lippe, now in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Full name: Paul Alexander Leopold
When Leopold II was just five-years-old, his father Leopold I, Prince of Lippe died at the age of 34. Leopold II’s mother Pauline of Anhalt-Bernburg very capably acted as Regent of the Principality of Lippe until 1820. In 1820, Leopold II married Princess Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. They had nine children including three reigning Princes of Lippe. Leopold, shy by nature, lived a restrained life. He had two passions: hunting and the theater. The Lippe Princely Court Theater (Hochfürstliches Lippisches Hoftheater) he established in Detmold was among the best in the German monarchies. The theater established by Leopold II is still in existence today. Now called the Landestheater Detmold, it is a theater for operas, operettas, musicals, ballets, and stage plays in Detmold, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Unofficial Royalty: Leopold II, Prince of Lippe

November 6, 1816 – Death of Carl II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Neustrelitz, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, now in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany; buried at the New Crypt of the Johanniterkirche in Mirow, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, now in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
Carl was the brother of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the wife of King George III of the United Kingdom. Carl married two sisters Princess Friederike and Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt. Friederike died in childbirth delivering her tenth child and Charlotte died in childbirth giving birth to her only child. After the death of his childless brother in 1794, Carl succeeded him as Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. In 1815, at the Congress of Vienna, the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was raised to a Grand Duchy. In the summer of 1816, while Carl was throughout the German monarchies and visiting to visit family, he developed an inflammation of the lungs. Despite appearing to recover, he fell ill again that autumn and died at the age of 75.
Unofficial Royalty: Carl II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

November 6, 1817 – Death of Princess Charlotte of Wales, the only child of The Prince of Wales (later King George IV), in childbirth after delivering a stillborn son, at Claremont House in Esher, Surrey, England; buried at St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle in Windsor, England
Charlotte was the only child of George, Prince of Wales (the future King George IV). She married Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saafeld, the future uncle of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and the future king of Belgium. Had Charlotte lived, she would have succeeded her father as Queen, but on November 6, 1817, a great tragedy struck the British Royal Family. Twenty-one-year-old Princess Charlotte died after delivering a stillborn son. Charlotte was mourned by the British people in a manner similar to the mourning of Diana, Princess of Wales. Charlotte’s pregnancy and delivery were grossly mismanaged and the doctor in charge, Sir Richard Croft, later died by suicide.
Unofficial Royalty: Death of Princess Charlotte of Wales in childbirth and its impact on the succession to the British throne
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Charlotte of Wales

November 6, 1836 – Death of former King Charles X of France at the palace of Count Michael Coronini von Cronberg in Gorizia, in present-day Italy; buried at the Church of Saint Mary of the Annunciation on Kostanjevica Hill in present-day Nova Gorica, Slovenia
King Charles X was the last King of France from the House of Bourbon. He was the third son of Louis, Dauphin of France, and the younger brother of the ill-fated King Louis XVI. When Napoleon was overthrown in 1814, the Bourbons were restored and Charles’ elder brother became King Louis XVIII. In 1824, King Louis XVIII died, and Charles succeeded to the French throne as King Charles X. He would prove to be very unpopular with the French people, and would not remain on the throne for very long. His own actions led to the July Revolution of 1830, which in turn led to his abdication. Charles lived in exile for the rest of his life. He died from cholera at the age of 79.
Unofficial Royalty: King Charles X of France

November 6, 1919 – Wedding of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and Felix of Bourbon-Parma at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
On November 6, 1919, Grand Duchess Charlotte married her first cousin, Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma. He was the son of Robert I, Duke of Parma, and his second wife, Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal. One of 24 children of his father’s two marriages, Felix was the younger brother of Empress Zita of Austria. Following a rather small and private civil ceremony in the morning, a large religious ceremony was held at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. Felix retained his title as Prince of Bourbon-Parma and was also created a Prince of Luxembourg in his own right. The couple lived at Berg Castle and had six children.
Unofficial Royalty: Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Unofficial Royalty: Felix of Bourbon-Parma

November 6, 1935 – Wedding of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, son of King George V of the United Kingdom, and Lady Alice Montagu-Douglas-Scott at the Private Chapel, Buckingham Palace in London, England
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott were married on November 6, 1935, at the Private Chapel in Buckingham Palace in London, England. The wedding was originally set to be held at Westminster Abbey but the wedding venue was changed after the death of the bride’s father. John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch died from cancer at Bowhill House in Selkirkshire, Borders, Scotland on October 19, 1935, less than three weeks before the wedding date. Because of the circumstances, it was deemed more appropriate to have the wedding at the Private Chapel at Buckingham Palace.
Unofficial Royalty: Wedding of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott

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